ADIP Scheme And Other Disability Schemes – India

There are many state and central government schemes for deaf and dumb and other disabilities. The ADIP scheme (Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase / Fitting of Aids and Appliances) is very popular. There are many other Disability schemes to help the PwD’s, right from free education for the children, training and skilling workshops to financial assistance for the self-employed.

The ADIP Scheme (Assistance to Disabled Persons)

The main aim of the ADIP Scheme is to help disabled persons procure scientifically manufactured modern aids that can promote their physical, social, and psychological rehabilitation by reducing disabilities. PwDs are given aids with the aim of making them independent and arresting their secondary disability. The aids and appliances supplied under the scheme are of good quality with a warranty and are BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) certified. The ADIP Scheme also provides assistance to conduct corrective surgeries before providing the device to people with disabilities.


The government has laid down certain guidelines regarding eligibility.

Eligibility Of The Beneficiaries

A person with disabilities fulfilling the following conditions is eligible for assistance under the ADIP Scheme.

  1. An Indian citizen of any age.
  2. Holds a 40% Disablement Certificate.
  3. Has a monthly income from all sources not exceeding Rs. 20,001/- per month.
  4. In the case of dependents, the income of parents/guardians should not exceed Rs.20,000/- per month.
  5. Who has not received assistance during the last 3 years for the same purpose from any source. However, for children below 12 years of age, this limit would be one year.

What Is The Amount Of Assistance?

Aids/appliances which do not cost more than Rs. 10,000/- are covered under the Scheme for a single disability. However, in the case of Students with Disabilities (SwDs) beyond IX class, the limit would be raised to Rs.12,000/-.

Under the ADIP Scheme, grants are released to various implementing agencies for the distribution of aids and devices to the deserving PwD’s.

Which Are The Implementing Agencies Under The ADIP Scheme?

  • Registered Charitable Trusts.
  • Indian Red Cross Societies and other Autonomous Bodies headed by District Collector/Chief Executive Officer/District Development Officer.
  • National/Apex Institutes, CRCs, RCs, DDRCs, National Trust, ALIMCO functioning under the administrative control of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment/Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • National/State Handicapped Development Corporation and Section 25 Companies in the Private Sector.
  • Local Bodies-Zilla Parishad, Municipalities, District Autonomous Development Councils and Panchayats, etc.
  • Hospitals registered as a separate entity, as recommended by State/UT/Central Govt.
  • Nehru Yuva Kendras.

What Are The Types Of Aids/Appliances Provided Under The ADIP Scheme?

The following aids and appliances are allowed for each type of disability. The department of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment updates the list from time to time.

Locomotor Disabled

  1. All types of prosthetic and orthotic devices.
  2. Mobility aids like tricycles, wheelchairs, crutches walking sticks, and walking frames/rollators.

Motorized Tricycle and Wheelchair:

Under the handicapped scheme, subsidy for motorized tricycles is Rs.25,000/- for severely disabled and for Quadriplegic (SCI), persons suffering from Muscular Dystrophy, Stroke, Cerebral Palsy, Hemiplegia and any other person with similar conditions where either three/four limbs or one half of the body are severely impaired. This will be provided to persons of the age of 16 years and above, once in 10 years. The requirement of 80% disability is essential. However, severely disabled persons of the age of 16 years and above having mental impairment shall not be eligible for motorized tricycles and wheelchairs since it puts them at risk of serious accidents/physical harm.

  1. All types of surgical footwear and MCR chappals.
  2. All types of devices for ADL (activity of daily living)

Visually Disabled

  1. Learning equipment like arithmetic frames, abacus, geometry kits, etc. Giant Braille dots system for slow-learning blind children. Dictaphone and other variable speed recording systems. CD player/Tape recorder for the blind students from X standard.
  2. Science learning equipment like talking balances, talking thermometers, measuring equipment like tape measures, micrometers, etc.
  3. Braille writing equipment including Brailler’s, Braille shorthand machines, typewriters for blind students from X class. Talking calculators, Geography learning equipment like raised maps and globes.
  4. Communication equipment for the deaf-blind. Braille attachments for telephone for deaf-blind persons.
  5. Low vision aids including hand-held stand, lighted and unlighted magnifiers, speech synthesizers, or Braille attachments for computers.
  6. Special mobility aids for visually disabled people with muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy like adapted walkers.
  7. Soft-ware for visually handicapped persons using computers that are likely to cost more than Rs. 10,000/- maybe procured and provided in exceptional cases subject to prior approval of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on case to case basis. For all other devices, the ceiling is Rs. 10,000/-.

Hearing Disabled

  1. Various types of hearing aids
  2. Educational kits like tape recorders / CD players etc.
  3. Assistive and alarm devices including devices for hearing of telephone, TV, doorbell, time alarm, etc.
  4. Communication aids, like, portable speech synthesizers, etc.

Cochlear Implants

Provision of Cochlear implant for 500 children per year with Hearing disability with a ceiling of Rs. 6.00 lakh per unit included. This will result in providing lifelong relief for hearing impaired children in the age group of 0 to 5 years. The Ministry has made Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped (AYJNISHD), Mumbai, as the nodal agency for the cochlear implant. They invite applications by issuing advertisements in newspapers (all India editions) and also through their website: Applicants have to apply online to AYJNISHD, Mumbai.

Government Schemes for Mentally Disabled

Any suitable device as advised by Rehabilitation Professional or treating physician.

Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS Scheme)

The intention of the Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS Scheme) is to give financial assistance to voluntary organizations that help rehabilitate persons with disabilities including early intervention, development of daily living skills, and training. The focus would be on education and training, The objectives of the Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS Scheme) are to include people with disabilities in the mainstream and maximise their potential.

Divyangjan Swavalamban Yojana Scheme For Persons With Disabilities

The Divyangjan Swavalamban Yojana for persons with disabilities is a handicapped loan scheme. Financial assistance is given to Persons with Disabilities for starting any activity contributing directly or indirectly to income generation and helping them in their overall process of empowerment.

A Disabled Girl at work blog image
A Disabled Girl at work. Image courtesy: Business photo created by

The Divyangjan Swavalamban Yojana is a central government scheme for handicapped. The National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC) is a wholly-owned company of the Government of India. NHFDC functions as an apex institution for providing financial support for starting any activity contributing directly or indirectly in the income generation or helping Persons with Disabilities (PwDs)

For further details on the NHFDC scheme for the disabled person, PwDs can log on to the NHFDC website.

Disability Certificate

Please note that the person availing the Government Schemes should have a valid Disability Certificate or UDID Card. If you do not have a Disability certificate or it needs renewal, please refer to the procedure and guidelines for obtaining a Disability Certificate

Other Schemes For Disabled Persons

Besides the central government schemes for handicapped, the state government also provides assistance through various disability schemes.

We are listing some of the schemes of the Maharashtra State Government, readers can search for schemes offered by their respective states.

Special Education And Vocational Training Through Government Institutions

Special Education and Vocational Training Scheme blog image
Special Education and Vocational Training Scheme

Non-Governmental Aided Organization (Special Schools and Vocational Training Centre) for Disabled.

Scheme for Non-Governmental Aided Organization for the Disabled blog image
Scheme for Non-Governmental Aided Organization for the Disabled

The Scheme Of State Award For The Disabled

Scheme of the State Award for the Disabled blog image
Scheme of the State Award for the Disabled

Handicapped Loan Scheme For Self-Employment

handicapped loan scheme-Financial assistance to the disabled for self employment Scheme blog image
Handicapped Loan Scheme-Financial assistance to the disabled for self employment Scheme

Merit Awards For The Disabled

Merit Awards for the Disabled Scheme blog Image
Merit Awards for the Disabled Scheme

Physically Handicapped Marriage Scheme

Physically handicapped marriage scheme blog image
Physically handicapped marriage scheme

Persons with Disability (PwD’s) should make full use of the schemes offered by the State and central government schemes for handicapped.

There are many private NGO’s (Non-Government Organisations) that are involved in chartable work and provide assistance in the form of vocational training and job placement. Pwd”s can see the list of Disability Organzations in India with the contact details.