Guidelines for Issue of Hearing Disability Certificate


According to the available studies and the Indian Census 2011, 73.9% of the deaf are unemployed or marginal workers, and 99% of the deaf population in the productive age group of 15–59 years are non-matriculates. If a handicap person is looking for work, it can be a daunting task for them as they may not know where to start. Though the Government has reserved jobs for the deaf and handicap in Public Sector Undertakings, a Disability Certificate or a UDID card is required to apply for the job. This article will explain in detail the guidelines and the procedure to apply for a Hearing Disability Certificate.

The Government of India has been constantly providing funds for the rehabilitation of the Hearing Handicapped. The popular ADIP Scheme    (Assistance for the Disabled Persons) under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment provides Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants at a subsidised rate or free of cost to children and adults from the low-income category. All the State Governments have Assistance Schemes which are available at all levels including the District and village level.

Why Do We Need A Disability Certificate?

UDID card image Disabilty Certificate ID Card Swavlamban card Sample image
UDID Card Image

The benefit of the handicapped certificate is that the deaf candidate stands a higher chance of being selected for a job under the reserved quota. Jobs reserved under the Persons with Disabilities (PwD) quota require that the candidate should have a Hearing Disability Certificate. The Government and Public Sector undertakings have reserved a 4% quota for the disabled; the private sector is not far behind in offering jobs to the disabled, many IT companies and large hotel chains regularly employ the deaf and hard of hearing. Besides job reservations, the unique disability identity card helps in getting concessions for travel etc. The unique disability card is handy to carry and no other documents are required.

Candidates who are eligible as per the guidelines should apply for the handicapped certificate to avail the benefits.

  • Who Issues The Hearing Disability Certificate?

The Government appoints a Medical Board at the State and District level to issue the Disability Certificate.

The following professionals are authorised to certify the hearing disability or the speech and language disability for the issue of the UDID card or the Viklang certificate.

  1. Medical Superintendent or Chief Medical Officer or Civil Surgeon
  2. ENT Specialist
  3. Audiologist and Speech Language Pathologist (ASLP)

The Government has made provisions for handicap certificate online registration; candidates can apply and renew UDID Card online. 

 The candidates should contact the issuing authority which is nearest to their place of residence for the unique disability card.

  • Do I Have To Provide Any Documents?

The candidate should carry their Aadhar card, Birth Certificate and the proof of residence. Previous audiogram reports and medical history papers will help in the assessment process.

  • What Is The Validity Of The Disability Certificate?

The PWD Certificate is valid for 5 years. The candidate should apply for the renewal of the viklang certificate online after the validity expiry.

The Medical Board issues the Hearing PwD certificate as per the definition of Hearing Disability specified in the Rights of the Persons with Disability Act 2016 (RPwD Act 2016)

  • What is Hearing Disability?

Persons with hearing impairment having difficulty of various degrees in hearing sounds is a Hearing impaired person.

Definition As Per The RPWD Act 2016

“Deaf” means a person having 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears.

“Hard of Hearing” means a person having 60 DB to 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears.

  • Criteria for Disability Certificate in India.

The following assessment tests are recommended as per the Rights of the Persons with Disability Act 2016 (RPwD Act 2016). The procedure requires calculating the hearing disability percentage by conducting pure tone audiometry and the Speech discrimination test and applying the formula mentioned in the guidelines.

The certificate is issued only if the disability is permanent.

1. Pure Tone Audiometry

Pure tone Audiometry test is conducted for each ear (Left and Right) to measure the hearing threshold.

In case the hearing test is not reliable, the audiologist will use other means like Immittance test (Impedance test), Speech audiometry or ASSR Test (Auditory Steady State Response) to measure the hearing threshold levels.

Infants do not respond well to pure tone audiometry and responses from children are often unreliable. In this case, the audiologist will conduct an ASSR test to measure the threshold.

Hearing Disability Percentage Calculation

  • The hearing loss percentage is calculated by taking the average of the pure tone thresholds at 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz and 4000 Hz.
  • Whenever there is no response at any of the four frequencies (500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz, and 4000 Hz) then it is considered as equivalent to 95 dB loss for the calculations.

Hearing Loss Percentage Chart

Hearing Loss Percentage Chart
Monoaural Pure Tone Threshold Percentage of Disability
51 – 55 dB 19 – 23%
56 - 60 dB 24 - 40%
61 - 65 dB 41.71 - 48.55%
66 - 70 dB 50.26 - 57.1%
71 - 75 dB 58.81 - 65.65%
76 - 80 dB 67.36 - 74.2%
81 - 85 dB 75.91 - 82.75%
86 - 90 dB 84.46 - 91.3%
91 - 95 dB 93.01 - 100%

Note: to know the percentage of hearing disability for thresholds other than the ones mentioned in the chart above, please request for the copy of RPWD Act 2016. The Pdf will be mailed to you. The Government gazette contains the detailed table.

Hearing Loss Percentage Formula

Hearing Disability Percentage = (Better ear % X 5) + (Poorer ear %) /6 (divided by 6)

Hearing Loss Percentage Calculator

How To Calculate The Hearing Loss Percentage?

Example 1

Mr A has a hearing loss of 60 dB in his left ear and 65 dB in his right ear.

Referring to the Hearing Loss chart above

60 dB hearing loss = 40%

65 db hearing loss = 48.55%

Let us insert these values in the formula

Hearing Disability Percentage=(40X5) + (48.55)=248.55/6= 41.42%

Mr A has a hearing loss of 41.42%, as per the RWPD 2016 guidelines, Mr A is eligible for the Disability Certificate as his hearing loss is above 40%.

Example 2

Mr B has a hearing loss of 55 dB in his left ear and 70 dB in his right ear.

Referring to the Hearing Loss chart above

55 dB hearing loss = 23%

70 db hearing loss = 57.10%

Let us insert these values in the formula

Hearing Disability Percentage=(23X5) + (57.10)=172.10/6= 28.68%

Mr B has a hearing loss of 26.68%, as per the RWPD 2016 guidelines, Mr B is not eligible for the Disability Certificate as his hearing loss is below 40%.

The easiest way to remember is that the hearing loss in the better ear should be equal or more than 60dB.

Is Hearing Loss In One Ear Considered A Disability In India?

As per the RPWD 2016 guidelines and the hearing loss percentage formula above, a hearing loss of less than 60 dB in one ear will not be considered eligible as the total hearing disability will be less than 40%.

2. Speech And Language Disability

The following conditions are considered as permanent disability and are eligible for the disability certificate or the Divyang certificate.

  • Laryngectomy or aphasia affecting the speech components
  • Glossectomy
  • Bilateral vocal cord paralysis
  • Maxillofacial anomalies
  • Dysarthria
  • Apraxia of Speech

The detailed procedure and calculation of percentage for Speech intelligibility test, voice test and language test are described in the Government gazette. (Visit our Helpline and request for the Pdf of the Government Gazette. Please specify preferred language – English or Hindi)

Readers can visit the site for more information on various schemes and information for the hearing impaired.

We regularly post updates on the schemes, benefits available and the current job openings in the Deaf Jobs section of our site.

EarGuru has compiled a list of the Organisations and Charities offering one-to-one support and personalised career advice to help deaf and disabled job seekers to prepare them for employment.

Organisations willing to employ Hearing Impaired people can write to us with details. We will be happy to post the vacancy on our website, this service is totally free.

EarGuru Forum

To get answers and suggestions to your queries, mention your queries in the EarGuru Forums. Register in the Forums, select Category (e.g Hearing Loss. Hearing Aids, Speech Therapy, Deaf Jobs etc). Your query in forums will get responses from experts and people who are knowledgeable about the subject.

NOTE: We will be shortly discontinuing the comments section as forums will offer more suggestions and opinions.


    • Hello,

      As per the RPwD guidelines, a disability certificate can only be issued if the hearing loss is 60 dB or more in both the ears. Please get your ears checked at a Government Hospital to reconfirm your hearing loss.

    • Hello,

      Since the hearing loss in both ears is more than 60 dB, you are eligible for the Disability Certificate. Please note that only permanent hearing loss is considered.

  1. Sir I have profound loss in left year and more than 70 dB Loss In right still I was given diability certificate for 3 years validity which has to be renewed afterwards .why sir?

    • Hello,

      In case of Conductive hearing loss which is considered as a temporary hearing loss, the disability certificate has to be renewed.

      In case you have a Sensorineural Hearing Loss, you should get a permanent certificate.

  2. Sir govt has issued me disability certifiate but its renewal date has ended i have 50% disability but it cant taking the renewal what should i do now sir please healp me sir

    I lost left ear hearing in a head injury. (More than 80db)
    Suffering hogh sound of tinitus also. Tinitus sound disturbing better ear hearing also. Totally upset because of tinitus. Why tinitus dont have any disability..Why tinitus excluded in Disability formula

    • Hello,

      Tinnitus as such is not listed under the RPwD act as a disability.

      In case you have a 60 dB or above hearing loss in both ears along with Tinnitus you can apply for a disability certificate.


    • Hello,

      As per the definition in the RPwD guidelines, “Deaf” means persons having 70 DB and above hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears and “Hard of hearing” means person having 60 DB to 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears.

      For Government jobs, disability of 60 dB and above which is equal to 40% is accepted. In case the hearing loss is not permanent, a temporary disability certificate is issued which has to be renewed.

  5. Hello Sir, I have conductive hearing loss more than 75 db (64% hearing loss) in both ear, but doctor are not giving me permanent disability certificate.. Sensorineural hearing loss(40-50 db) in both ear. I am also suffering from Tinnitus.
    What should I do now?
    Now, in one ear hearing aid is not helpful.. I can only listen from one ear only.

    • Hello,

      Conductive hearing loss is not considered a permanent disability as it can be cured in most cases.

      A temporary disability certificate is generally given in such cases.

      A permanent disability certificate is given if one suffers from Sensorineural hearing loss which is 60 dB or more in both the ears.

  6. My baby is 2 years old he has no left ear(anotia)middle ear or external ear is absent by birth is he eligible for disability certificate

  7. Dear sir,

    Mera naam akhilesh Prajapati hai . Mere left ear ka operation hua hai . Pr operation ke bad bhi mujhe sunai nhi deta hai . Right ear me bhi hearing problem hai . Mere report me conductive hearing loss likha hua hai . Kya mujhe disability certificate mil skta hai . please reply

    • Hello,

      Generally, Disability Certificate is not issued for Conductive Hearing Loss as it is considered as temporary hearing loss. Since your operation was not successful, you can approach the Medical Officer in your area.

  8. Sir

    I have 40 and 36.7 dB HL in Right and Left ears. It’s told that I have severe sloping sensorineural hearing loss. Kindly guide me.

    • Hello,

      Hearing aids will be suitable for you. Since you mention that you have a sloping loss, We presume it’s High frequency Loss, Open Fit Hearing aids will be suitable for you. You can read further on High frequency Loss.

      High Frequency Hearing Loss

      You can also our blog on How to choose the Best hearing aid

  9. Hi Sir,

    17dbhl in left year and 98.33 dbhl in right ear.

    this is the audio gram result from a speech and gearing center.

    is it possible i can get a disability certificate?

    for one si/ded 100% deafness people can get any fee waver for higher studies if i can get PwD cerrificate?



    • Hello Prasanth,

      The requirement for issuing the Disability certificate is that the hearing loss should be minimum 60 dB in both the ears.
      Since you have a 17 dB loss in your left ear, you are not eligible for Disability Certificate

  10. Sir muje ear test karne k bad doctor ne certy diya hai usme aisa likha hai
    (A) She is a case of hearing imapirment
    (B) The diagnosis in her case is Beleteral sever to profound sensorineural hearing loss with normal speech
    (C) She has 100% percent temporary in relation to her (part of body) as per guidelines (to be specified)
    These certificate recommended for 1 year therefore these certificated shall be valied till 01/01/2021
    Kya mai gov. Job k liye apply kr skti hu.. please guide me sir..

    • Hello,

      Aapke pas Doctor certificate hai ya Disability Certificate?
      Doctor Certificate ke basis pe aap Government job ke liye apply nahin kar sakte hain. Aapko Disability Certificate ke liye apply karna hoga. Agar aapke pas Disability Certificate hai to aap apply kar sakti hain.

  11. Sir, i have moderate sever hearing loss, i tried to get handicap certificate but medical authority give me it’s for 3 year validity, it’s my 3rd time renewal. I have hearing loss since 2003. I request to them give me permanent but the said that permanent only given to person who have hearing loss since by birth. Is it’s in rule to not give permanent certificate who have moderate sever loss in the middle of age. Please guide me

    • Hello Ganesh,

      A permanent Disability Certificate is issued to people who are deaf. A temporary Disability Certificate is issued to the Hard of Hearing.

      As per the RPwD Act, a deaf person is the one whose hearing loss in both ears is 70 dB and above.
      A person with a hearing loss of 60 to 70 dB in both ears is considered Hard of Hearing.

      Since you have a moderate to severe hearing loss, you will get a temporary disability certificate.


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