Guidelines for Issue of Hearing Disability Certificate

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According to the available studies and the Indian Census 2011, 73.9% of the deaf are unemployed or marginal workers, and 99% of the deaf population in the productive age group of 15–59 years are non-matriculates. If a handicap person is looking for work, it can be a daunting task for them as they may not know where to start. Though the Government has reserved jobs for the deaf and handicap in Public Sector Undertakings, a Disability Certificate or a UDID card is required to apply for the job. This article will explain in detail the guidelines and the procedure to apply for a Hearing Disability Certificate.

The Government of India has been constantly providing funds for the rehabilitation of the Hearing Handicapped. The popular ADIP Scheme    (Assistance for the Disabled Persons) under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment provides Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants at a subsidised rate or free of cost to children and adults from the low-income category. All the State Governments have Assistance Schemes which are available at all levels including the District and village level.

Why Do We Need A Disability Certificate?

UDID card image Disabilty Certificate ID Card Swavlamban card Sample image
UDID Card Image

The benefit of the handicapped certificate is that the deaf candidate stands a higher chance of being selected for a job under the reserved quota. Jobs reserved under the Persons with Disabilities (PwD) quota require that the candidate should have a Hearing Disability Certificate. The Government and Public Sector undertakings have reserved a 4% quota for the disabled; the private sector is not far behind in offering jobs to the disabled, many IT companies and large hotel chains regularly employ the deaf and hard of hearing. Besides job reservations, the unique disability identity card helps in getting concessions for travel etc. The unique disability card is handy to carry and no other documents are required.

Candidates who are eligible as per the guidelines should apply for the handicapped certificate to avail the benefits.

  • Who Issues The Hearing Disability Certificate?

The Government appoints a Medical Board at the State and District level to issue the Disability Certificate.

The following professionals are authorised to certify the hearing disability or the speech and language disability for the issue of the UDID card or the Viklang certificate.

  1. Medical Superintendent or Chief Medical Officer or Civil Surgeon
  2. ENT Specialist
  3. Audiologist and Speech Language Pathologist (ASLP)

The Government has made provisions for handicap certificate online registration; candidates can apply and renew UDID Card online. 

 The candidates should contact the issuing authority which is nearest to their place of residence for the unique disability card.

  • Do I Have To Provide Any Documents?

The candidate should carry their Aadhar card, Birth Certificate and the proof of residence. Previous audiogram reports and medical history papers will help in the assessment process.

  • What Is The Validity Of The Disability Certificate?

The PWD Certificate is valid for 5 years. The candidate should apply for the renewal of the viklang certificate online after the validity expiry.

The Medical Board issues the Hearing PwD certificate as per the definition of Hearing Disability specified in the Rights of the Persons with Disability Act 2016 (RPwD Act 2016)

  • What is Hearing Disability?

Persons with hearing impairment having difficulty of various degrees in hearing sounds is a Hearing impaired person.

Definition As Per The RPWD Act 2016

“Deaf” means a person having 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears.

“Hard of Hearing” means a person having 60 DB to 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears.

  • Criteria for Disability Certificate in India.

The following assessment tests are recommended as per the Rights of the Persons with Disability Act 2016 (RPwD Act 2016). The procedure requires calculating the hearing disability percentage by conducting pure tone audiometry and the Speech discrimination test and applying the formula mentioned in the guidelines.

The certificate is issued only if the disability is permanent.

1. Pure Tone Audiometry

Pure tone Audiometry test is conducted for each ear (Left and Right) to measure the hearing threshold.

In case the hearing test is not reliable, the audiologist will use other means like Immittance test (Impedance test), Speech audiometry or ASSR Test (Auditory Steady State Response) to measure the hearing threshold levels.

Infants do not respond well to pure tone audiometry and responses from children are often unreliable. In this case, the audiologist will conduct an ASSR test to measure the threshold.

Hearing Disability Percentage Calculation

  • The hearing loss percentage is calculated by taking the average of the pure tone thresholds at 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz and 4000 Hz.
  • Whenever there is no response at any of the four frequencies (500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz, and 4000 Hz) then it is considered as equivalent to 95 dB loss for the calculations.

Hearing Loss Percentage Chart

Hearing Loss Percentage Chart
Monoaural Pure Tone Threshold Percentage of Disability
51 – 55 dB 19 – 23%
56 - 60 dB 24 - 40%
61 - 65 dB 41.71 - 48.55%
66 - 70 dB 50.26 - 57.1%
71 - 75 dB 58.81 - 65.65%
76 - 80 dB 67.36 - 74.2%
81 - 85 dB 75.91 - 82.75%
86 - 90 dB 84.46 - 91.3%
91 - 95 dB 93.01 - 100%

Note: to know the percentage of hearing disability for thresholds other than the ones mentioned in the chart above, please request for the copy of RPWD Act 2016. The Pdf will be mailed to you. The Government gazette contains the detailed table.

Hearing Loss Percentage Formula

Hearing Disability Percentage = (Better ear % X 5) + (Poorer ear %) /6 (divided by 6)

Hearing Loss Percentage Calculator

How To Calculate The Hearing Loss Percentage?

Example 1

Mr A has a hearing loss of 60 dB in his left ear and 65 dB in his right ear.

Referring to the Hearing Loss chart above

60 dB hearing loss = 40%

65 db hearing loss = 48.55%

Let us insert these values in the formula

Hearing Disability Percentage=(40X5) + (48.55)=248.55/6= 41.42%

Mr A has a hearing loss of 41.42%, as per the RWPD 2016 guidelines, Mr A is eligible for the Disability Certificate as his hearing loss is above 40%.

Example 2

Mr B has a hearing loss of 55 dB in his left ear and 70 dB in his right ear.

Referring to the Hearing Loss chart above

55 dB hearing loss = 23%

70 db hearing loss = 57.10%

Let us insert these values in the formula

Hearing Disability Percentage=(23X5) + (57.10)=172.10/6= 28.68%

Mr B has a hearing loss of 26.68%, as per the RWPD 2016 guidelines, Mr B is not eligible for the Disability Certificate as his hearing loss is below 40%.

The easiest way to remember is that the hearing loss in the better ear should be equal or more than 60dB.

Is Hearing Loss In One Ear Considered A Disability In India?

As per the RPWD 2016 guidelines and the hearing loss percentage formula above, a hearing loss of less than 60 dB in one ear will not be considered eligible as the total hearing disability will be less than 40%.

2. Speech And Language Disability

The following conditions are considered as permanent disability and are eligible for the disability certificate or the Divyang certificate.

  • Laryngectomy or aphasia affecting the speech components
  • Glossectomy
  • Bilateral vocal cord paralysis
  • Maxillofacial anomalies
  • Dysarthria
  • Apraxia of Speech

The detailed procedure and calculation of percentage for Speech intelligibility test, voice test and language test are described in the Government gazette. (Visit our Helpline and request for the Pdf of the Government Gazette. Please specify preferred language – English or Hindi)

Readers can visit the site for more information on various schemes and information for the hearing impaired.

We regularly post updates on the schemes, benefits available and the current job openings in the Deaf Jobs section of our site.

EarGuru has compiled a list of the Organisations and Charities offering one-to-one support and personalised career advice to help deaf and disabled job seekers to prepare them for employment.

Organisations willing to employ Hearing Impaired people can write to us with details. We will be happy to post the vacancy on our website, this service is totally free.

EarGuru Forum

To get answers and suggestions to your queries, mention your queries in the EarGuru Forums. Register in the Forums, select Category (e.g Hearing Loss. Hearing Aids, Speech Therapy, Deaf Jobs etc). Your query in forums will get responses from experts and people who are knowledgeable about the subject.

NOTE: We will be shortly discontinuing the comments section as forums will offer more suggestions and opinions.

60 COMMENTS

    • Hello,

      Generally, hearing loss in both ears is considered to calculate the total disability. A hearing loss of minimum 60 dB in both ears is required for eligibility.

  1. Sir I have a permanent certificate which is made at 2015 is it need to make new certificate and my udid is also permanent

    • To check eligibility for Disability Certificate, the CI is switched off and audiometry or BERA test is done. You can approach the Medical Officer of your area.

  2. How to calculate the disability % based on BERA. When both BERA and PTA are done, which one is used to calculate the disability.
    Eg. PTA; Rt ear -70 db, Lt ear- 80 db.
    BERA; Rt ear moderate Hearing loss with responses at 70 db.
    Lt ear moderate to severe Hearing loss with responses at 90 db.
    Thanks

    • Dear Doctor,

      In case the results of PTA and BERA differ, the test results of BERA are considered for evaluation. We are mailing you the guidelines for calculation of percentage.

  3. Sir,
    My both eardrums are ruptured that means both ear drums have holes..right ear gets operated, but it failed..left ear operated and it was also failed.. Operation was done by private doctor..now i am unable to hear..my left ear has 65dB right ear has 70dB..Am i eligible to apply hearing certificate?

    • Hello,

      Permanent disability certificate may not be possible, however you may be issued a temporary certificate which will have to be renewed periodically. It is best to discuss the case with the Medical Officer in Charge of issuing the certificate.

    • Hello,

      Permanent disability certificate may not be possible, however you may be issued a temporary certificate which will have to be renewed periodically. It is best to discuss the case with the Medical Officer in Charge of issuing the certificate.

  4. Sir,
    I, am suffering from SNHL (bilateral) both ears permanent declared by military hospital. My left ear 98.5 db loss and right ear 71.0 db loss. I discharged from service. Can I apply for disability certificate in district hospital to obtain disability certificate on basis of disability paper given by service or will district hospital again check my hearing loss. Please guide me for next action and what are the documents required to submit.
    Thanks

    • Hello Sir,

      as per the hearing loss figures you have mentioned, you are eligible to apply for the Disability Certificate. Generally, the Medical officer in charge would prefer to do a fresh audiometry. It would help if you carry your medical file and Aadhaar card.

  5. Sir,I have hearing loss recently my left year has 63dh and right ear has 70dh,what kind of jobs can I do ,and also I am suffering witheld disorder ,plz help me sir,thanks sir

    • Hello,

      Since both your ears have a loss of more than 60 db you are eligible to apply for a Disability Certificate. You can get a job as per your qualifications. Keep checking our Deaf Jobs section for the latest vacancies

  6. Sir I am not able to hear from my left ear since birth .. My right ear is only functional . Can I apply for a disability certificate ?? Please guide me accordingly..

  7. I have 100 % disabilty in left ear .
    and My total Disability percentage on certificate is 75% Hearing Handicapped.
    SIR, am i eligible Goverment Job in banks and PSU and state public service commisions ?

  8. Sir,I had bilateral profound hearing loss of both ears.I recently got cochlear implant to one year.can there be a chance of getting pwbd certificate for other ear??

  9. Hi. My son with bilateral sensoneural hearing loss more than 60db in each ear. He using cochlear implant in one side. Is he eligible to get handicap certificate if he fulfil the criteria of disability during an audiogram after removal of CI speech processor? In some places doctor saying he can hear with CI so cannot get disability certificate. Thank you

    • Hello,

      As per the RPwD guidelines, a disability certificate can only be issued if the hearing loss is 60 dB or more in both the ears. Please get your ears checked at a Government Hospital to reconfirm your hearing loss in the left ear.

  10. I have disability certificate with 45% in both ear but its temporary , and I know that I eligible for reservation but my question is if I selected and appointed for central gov. Job and after serval months my certificate expire and doctor say me that now you are ok , no need for renewal ,than (gov will be kicked out for job ? Or not )

    • Hello,

      Your hearing loss can only improve if you take treatment. as far as we know, you will be required to renew and submit the certificate every 3 years. The decision of whether you will be allowed to continue if you fail to submit a valid certificate depends on the employer.

    • hello , I have also disability certificate with 45% in both ear and its permanent and in my certificate mention as DEAF , but I can speak clearly so in future have I faced problems in job or not , please help me to out of this . I am in depression

      • Hello Suresh,

        You have been issued a disability certificate for Hearing Loss and not for Speech impediment. Nobody can question you. In fact you have an advantage as you can speak. You should search for a suitable job as per your qualifications.

    • Hello,

      As per the RPwD guidelines, a disability certificate can only be issued if the hearing loss is 60 dB or more in both the ears. Please get your ears checked at a Government Hospital to reconfirm your hearing loss.

    • Hello,

      Since the hearing loss in both ears is more than 60 dB, you are eligible for the Disability Certificate. Please note that only permanent hearing loss is considered.

  11. Sir I have profound loss in left year and more than 70 dB Loss In right still I was given diability certificate for 3 years validity which has to be renewed afterwards .why sir?

    • Hello,

      In case of Conductive hearing loss which is considered as a temporary hearing loss, the disability certificate has to be renewed.

      In case you have a Sensorineural Hearing Loss, you should get a permanent certificate.

  12. Sir govt has issued me disability certifiate but its renewal date has ended i have 50% disability but it cant taking the renewal what should i do now sir please healp me sir

  13. DOES TINITUS HAVE ANY DIABILITY?
    I lost left ear hearing in a head injury. (More than 80db)
    Suffering hogh sound of tinitus also. Tinitus sound disturbing better ear hearing also. Totally upset because of tinitus. Why tinitus dont have any disability..Why tinitus excluded in Disability formula

    • Hello,

      Tinnitus as such is not listed under the RPwD act as a disability.

      In case you have a 60 dB or above hearing loss in both ears along with Tinnitus you can apply for a disability certificate.

  14. SIR, WHAT IS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DEAF AND HARD OF HEARING ,WHAT IS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EACH DISABILITY CERTIFICATE AND WHAT DOES EFFET WHEN I WANT TO USE IT FOR RESERVETION IN GOVERNMENT JOB .PLEASE SAY ME IN BOTH CONDITION DEAF AND HARD OF HEARING.

    • Hello,

      As per the definition in the RPwD guidelines, “Deaf” means persons having 70 DB and above hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears and “Hard of hearing” means person having 60 DB to 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears.

      For Government jobs, disability of 60 dB and above which is equal to 40% is accepted. In case the hearing loss is not permanent, a temporary disability certificate is issued which has to be renewed.

  15. Hello Sir, I have conductive hearing loss more than 75 db (64% hearing loss) in both ear, but doctor are not giving me permanent disability certificate.. Sensorineural hearing loss(40-50 db) in both ear. I am also suffering from Tinnitus.
    What should I do now?
    Now, in one ear hearing aid is not helpful.. I can only listen from one ear only.

    • Hello,

      Conductive hearing loss is not considered a permanent disability as it can be cured in most cases.

      A temporary disability certificate is generally given in such cases.

      A permanent disability certificate is given if one suffers from Sensorineural hearing loss which is 60 dB or more in both the ears.

      • Hellow, i have 60 db loss of hearing in left ear and 20 db loss in right ear . Can govt allow me disability certificate???

        • Hello,

          Generally, hearing loss in both ears is considered to calculate the total disability. A hearing loss of minimum 60 dB in both ears is required to qualify.

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